Head Office - 8 Garden Drive (PO Box 267) Tullamarine Victoria 3043 Australia
+61 3 8318 4500

Understanding Dangerous Goods

Dangerous goods are substances capable of causing harm to people and property because of their hazardous properties. They may be corrosive, flammable, combustible, explosive, oxidising, water-reactive or have other hazardous properties. There are nine general classes of dangerous goods and various sub-classes that need special treatment when being transported:

1. Explosives
2. Gases
3. Flammable Liquids
4. Flammable Solids
5. Oxidising Substances
6. Toxic & Infectious Substances
7. Radioactive Material
8. Corrosives
9. Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

The shipping of hazardous or dangerous goods is controlled by numerous regulatory bodies both nationally and internationally. The most prominent of these regulations that govern the transportation of dangerous goods are:

Together these regulations control the packing, labelling, handling and transport of dangerous goods – worldwide.

The regulations and compliance requirements when shipping dangerous goods are complex and constantly being updated, Marair partner you to find the best solution and make the process easy and transparent.

Dangerous Goods Classifications

REASON FOR REGULATION

Explosives are capable by chemical reaction of producing gases at temperatures, pressures and speeds as to cause catastrophic damage through force and/or of producing otherwise hazardous amounts of heat, light, sound, gas or smoke.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED EXPLOSIVES

  1. Ammunition/cartridges
  2. Fireworks/pyrotechnics
  3. Flares
  4. Blasting caps / detonators
  5. Fuse
  6. Primers
  7. Explosive charges (blasting, demolition etc)
8. Detonating cord
9. Air bag inflators
10. Igniters
11. Rockets
12. TNT / TNT compositions
13.RDX / RDX compositions
14. PETN / PETN compositions

 

SUB-DIVISIONS

Division 1.1: Substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard

Division 1.2: Substances and articles which have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard

Division 1.3: Substances and articles which have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both

Division 1.4: Substances and articles which present no significant hazard; only a small hazard in the event of ignition or initiation during transport with any effects largely confined to the package

Division 1.5: Very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard

Division 1.6: Extremely insensitive articles which do not have a mass explosion hazard

I am text block. Click edit button to change this text. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Gases are defined by dangerous goods regulations as substances which have a vapour pressure of 300 kPa or greater at 50°c or which are completely gaseous at 20°c at standard atmospheric pressure, and items containing these substances. The class encompasses compressed gases, liquefied gases, dissolved gases, refrigerated liquefied gases, mixtures of one or more gases with one or more vapours of substances of other classes, articles charged with a gas and aerosols.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Gases are capable of posing serious hazards due to their flammability, potential as asphyxiants, ability to oxidize and/or their toxicity or corrosiveness to humans.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED GASES

  1. Aerosols
  2. Compressed air
  3. Hydrocarbon gas-powered devices
  4. Fire extinguishers
  5. Gas cartridges
  6. Fertilizer ammoniating solution
  7. Insecticide gases
  8. Refrigerant gases
  9. Lighters
  10. Acetylene / Oxyacetylene
  11. Carbon dioxide
  12. Helium / helium compounds
  13. Hydrogen / hydrogen compounds
14. Oxygen / oxygen compounds
15. Nitrogen / nitrogen compounds
16. Natural gas
17. Oil gas
18. Petroleum gases
19. Butane
20. Propane
21. Ethane
22. Methane
23. Dimethyl ether
24. Propene / propylene
25. Ethylene

 

SUB-DIVISIONS

Division 2.1: Flammable gases

Division 2.2: Non-flammable, non-toxic gases

Division 2.3: Toxic gases

Flammable liquids are defined by dangerous goods regulations as liquids, mixtures of liquids or liquids containing solids in solution or suspension which give off a flammable vapour (have a flash point) at temperatures of not more than 60-65°C, liquids offered for transport at temperatures at or above their flash point or substances transported at elevated temperatures in a liquid state and which give off a flammable vapour at a temperature at or below the maximum transport temperature.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Flammable liquids are capable of posing serious hazards due to their volatility, combustibility and potential in causing or propagating severe conflagrations.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS

Flammable liquids are defined by dangerous goods regulations as liquids, mixtures of liquids or liquids containing solids in solution or suspension which give off a flammable vapour (have a flash point) at temperatures of not more than 60-65°C, liquids offered for transport at temperatures at or above their flash point or substances transported at elevated temperatures in a liquid state and which give off a flammable vapour at a temperature at or below the maximum transport temperature.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Flammable liquids are capable of posing serious hazards due to their volatility, combustibility and potential in causing or propagating severe conflagrations.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS

  1. Acetone / acetone oils
  2. Adhesives
  3. Paints / lacquers / varnishes
  4. Alcohols
  5. Perfumery products
  6. Gasoline / Petrol
  7. Diesel fuel
  8. Aviation fuel
  9. Liquid bio-fuels
  10. Coal tar / coal tar distillates
  11. Petroleum crude oil
  12. Petroleum distillates
  13. Gas oil
  14. Shale oil
  15. Heating oil
  16. Kerosene
  17. Resins
18. Tars
19. TurpentineCarbamate insecticides
20. Organochlorine pesticide
21. Organophosphorus pesticides
22. Copper based pesticides
23. Esters
24. Ethers
25. Ethanol
26. Benzene
27. Butanols
28. Dichloropropenes
29. Diethyl ether
30. Isobutanols
31. Isopropyls
32. Methanol
33. Octanes

 

Flammable solids are materials which, under conditions encountered in transport, are readily combustible or may cause or contribute to fire through friction, self-reactive substances which are liable to undergo a strongly exothermic reaction or solid desensitized explosives. Also included are substances which are liable to spontaneous heating under normal transport conditions, or to heating up in contact with air, and are consequently liable to catch fire and substances which emit flammable gases or become spontaneously flammable when in contact with water.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Flammable solids are capable of posing serious hazards due to their volatility, combustibility and potential in causing or propagating severe conflagrations.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED FLAMMABLE SOLIDS; SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTIBLES; ‘DANGEROUS WHEN WET’ MATERIALS

  1. Alkali metals
  2. Metal powders
  3. Aluminium phosphide
  4. Sodium batteries
  5. Sodium cells
  6. Firelighters
  7. Matches
  8. Calcium carbide
  9. Camphor
  10. Carbon
  11. Activated carbon
  12. Celluloid
  13. Cerium
  14. Copra
15. Seed cake
16. Oily cotton waste
17. Desensitized explosives
18. Oily fabrics
19. Oily fibres
20. Ferrocerium
21. Iron oxide (spent)
22. Iron sponge/direct-reduced iron (spent)
23. Metaldehyde
24. Naphthalene
25. Nitrocellulose
26. Phosphorus
27. Sulphur

 

SUB-DIVISIONS

Division 4.1: Flammable solids

Division 4.2: Substances liable to spontaneous combustion

Division 4.3: Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases

Oxidizers are defined by dangerous goods regulations as substances which may cause or contribute to combustion, generally by yielding oxygen as a result of a redox chemical reaction. Organic peroxides are substances which may be considered derivatives of hydrogen peroxide where one or both hydrogen atoms of the chemical structure have been replaced by organic radicals.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Oxidizers, although not necessarily combustible in themselves, can yield oxygen and in so doing cause or contribute to the combustion of other materials. Organic peroxides are thermally unstable and may exude heat whilst undergoing exothermic autocatalytic decomposition. Additionally, organic peroxides may be liable to explosive decomposition, burn rapidly, be sensitive to impact or friction, react dangerously with other substances or cause damage to eyes.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED OXIDIZERS; ORGANIC PEROXIDES

  1. Chemical oxygen generators
  2. Ammonium nitrate fertilizers
  3. Chlorates
  4. Nitrates
  5. Nitrites
  6. Perchlorates
  7. Permanganates
  8. Persulphates
  9. Aluminium nitrate
  10. Ammonium dichromate
  11. Ammonium nitrate
  12. Ammonium persulphate
  13. Calcium hypochlorite
14. Calcium nitrate
15. Calcium peroxide
16. Hydrogen peroxide
!7. Magnesium peroxide
18. Lead nitrate
19. Lithium hypochlorite
20. Potassium chlorate
21. Potassium nitrate
22. Potassium chlorate
23. Potassium perchlorate
24. Potassium permanganate
25. Sodium nitrate
26. Sodium persulphate

SUB-DIVISIONS

Division 5.1: Oxidizing substances

Division 5.2: Organic peroxides

 

Toxic substances are those which are liable either to cause death or serious injury or to harm human health if swallowed, inhaled or by skin contact. Infectious substances are those which are known or can be reasonably expected to contain pathogens. Hazardous goods regulations define pathogens as microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, parasites and fungi, or other agents which can cause disease in humans or animals.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Toxic and infectious substances can pose significant risks to human and animal health upon contact.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED TOXIC SUBSTANCES; INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES

  1. Medical/Biomedical waste
  2. Clinical waste
  3. Biological cultures / samples / specimens
  4. Medical cultures / samples / specimens
  5. Tear gas substances
  6. Motor fuel anti-knock mixture
  7. Dyes
  8. Carbamate pesticides
  9. Alkaloids
  10. Allyls
  11. Acids
  12. Arsenates
  13. Arsenites
  14. Cyanides
  15. Thiols/mercaptans
16. Cresols
17. Barium compounds
18. Arsenics / arsenic compounds
19. Beryllium/ beryllium compounds
20. Lead compounds
21. Mercury compounds
22. Nicotine / nicotine compounds
23. Selenium compounds
24. Antimony
25. Ammonium metavanadate
26. Adiponitrile
27. Chloroform
28. Dichloromethane
29. Hexachlorophene
30. Phenol
31. Resorcinol

 

SUB-DIVISIONS

Division 6.1: Toxic substances

Division 6.2: Infectious substances

Hazardous goods regulations define radioactive material as any material containing radionuclides where both the activity concentration and the total activity exceeds certain pre-defined values. A radionuclide is an atom with an unstable nucleus and which consequently is subject to radioactive decay.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Whilst undergoing radioactive decay radionuclides emit ionizing radiation, which presents potentially severe risks to human health.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

  1. Radioactive ores
  2. Medical isotopes
  3. Yellowcake
  4. Density gauges
  5. Mixed fission products
  6. Surface contaminated objects
  7. Caesium radionuclides / isotopes
  8. Iridium radionuclides / isotopes
  9. Americium radionuclides / isotopes
10. Plutonium radionuclides / isotopes
11. Radium radionuclides / isotopes
12. Thorium radionuclides / isotopes
13. Uranium radionuclides / isotopes
14. Depleted uranium / depleted uranium products
15. Uranium hexafluoride
16. Enriched Uranium

 

Corrosives are substances which by chemical action degrade or disintegrate other materials upon contact.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Corrosives cause severe damage when in contact with living tissue or, in the case of leakage, damage or destroy surrounding materials.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED CORROSIVES

  1. Acids/acid solutions
  2. Batteries
  3. Battery fluid
  4. Fuel cell cartridges
  5. Dyes
  6. Fire extinguisher charges
  7. Formaldehyde
  8. Flux
  9. Paints
  10. Alkylphenols
  11. Amines
  12. Polyamines
  13. Sulphides
  14. Polysulphides
15. Chlorides
16. Chlorosilanes
17. Bromine
18. Cyclohexylamine
19. Phenol / carbolic acid
20. Hydrofluoric acid
21. Hydrochloric acid
22. Sulfuric acid
23. Nitric acid
24. Sludge acid
25. Hydrogen fluoride
26. Iodine
27. Morpholine

 

Miscellaneous dangerous goods are substances and articles which during transport present a danger or hazard not covered by other classes. This class encompasses, but is not limited to, environmentally hazardous substances, substances that are transported at elevated temperatures, miscellaneous articles and substances, genetically modified organisms and micro-organisms and (depending on the method of transport) magnetized materials and aviation regulated substances.

REASON FOR REGULATION

Miscellaneous dangerous goods present a wide array of potential hazards to human health and safety, infrastructure and/ or their means of transport.

COMMONLY TRANSPORTED MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS GOODS

  1. Dry ice / cardice / solid carbon dioxide
  2. Expandable polymeric beads / polystyrene beads
  3. Ammonium nitrate fertilizers
  4. Blue asbestos / crocidolite
  5. Lithium ion batteries
  6. Lithium metal batteries
  7. Battery powered equipment
  8. Battery powered vehicles
  9. Fuel cell engines
  10. Internal combustion engines
  11. Vehicles
  12. Magnetized material
  13. Dangerous goods in apparatus
14. Dry ice / cardice / solid carbon dioxide
15. Expandable polymeric beads / polystyrene beads
16. Ammonium nitrate fertilizers
17. Blue asbestos / crocidolite
18. Lithium ion batteries
19. Lithium metal batteries
20. Battery powered equipment
21. Battery powered vehicles
22. Fuel cell engines
23. Internal combustion engines
24. Vehicles
25. Magnetized material
26. Dangerous goods in apparatus

 

SUB-DIVISIONS

Division 6.1: Toxic substances

Division 6.2: Infectious substances

who we are

Our Advantages